By Jair Andrade and Jim Duggan
Model calibration is an essential test that dynamic hypotheses must pass in order to serve astools for decision-making. In short, it is the search for a match between actual and simulatedbehaviours using parameter inference. Here, we approach such an inference process from a Bayesian perspective. Under this paradigm, we provide statements about the parameters(viewed as random variables) and data in probabilistic terms. These statements stem from a posterior distribution whose solution is often found via statistical simulation. However, the uptakeof these methods within the system dynamics field has been somewhat limited, and state-of-the-art algorithms have not been explored. Therefore, we introduce Hamiltonian Monte Carlo(HMC), an efficient algorithm that outperforms random-walk methods in exploring complexparameter spaces. We apply HMC to calibrate an SEIR model and frame the process within apractical workflow. In doing so, we also recommend visualisation tools that facilitate the communication of results.
Copyright © 2021 The Authors. System Dynamics Review published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd on behalf of System Dynamics Society.